International Children's Rights Day 2014

One fifth of the European population are children. Today, November 20th, marked as International Childrens Rights day, the European Federation of PsychologistsAssociations (EFPA) encourages its 36 national member associations to speak up and share psychological knowledge to raise awareness on children’s rights and well-being.

 

Universal Children's Day

In 1954, the UN General Assembly recommended that all countries institute a Universal Children's Day devoted to promoting the ideals and objectives of the Charter and the welfare of the children of the world. The date 20 November marks the day on which the Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), in 1989.

 

The Declaration states that: “The child shall enjoy special protection, and shall be given opportunities and facilities, by law and by other means, to enable him/her to develop physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and socially in a healthy and normal manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity. In the enactment of laws for this purpose, the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration”.

 

In a world with declining mortality rates, rising school attendance and increased awareness of children´s needs, still too many children are exploited, mistreated and deprived of the most fundamental needs and rights. This year, 2014, the Task Force on Human Rights of EFPA celebrates the 55th anniversary of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and the 25th anniversary of the CRC and takes this day to encourage all member associations to speak up and share psychological knowledge to raise awareness on children´s rights and well-being.

 

Healthy development rests on sensitive care and feeling safe. Adverse childhood experiences put development at risk at all levels: neurobiological, psychological, behavioral and social. Hence, Prof. Robert Roe, EFPA’s President states that protection of children and promotion of healthy childhoods should be a prime priority to all psychologists. Roe explains: ‘In a professional psychological context we can contribute to defend and strengthen childrens rights by actively incorporate the Convention on the rights of the child into psychological practice. Conversely, psychological knowledge can fill the Convention and the central principle of the best interest of the child with theory, evidence and substance.’

 

About EFPA Task Force on Human Rights

In 2013, EFPA established a Task Force on Human Rights to address the ongoing threats to human rights in the world and to more strongly articulate psychologistsresponsibilities to do what is within our scope and capabilities to

-         Raise awareness of human rights and (risks of) human rights violations

-         Prevent human rights violations

-         Alleviate the effects of human rights violations

 

Related links:

General comment No. 14 (2013) on the right of the child to have his or her best interests taken as a primary consideration: http://www2.ohchr.org/English/bodies/crc/docs/GC/CRC_C_GC_14_ENG.pdf

Investing in children: The European child maltreatment prevention action plan 2015-2020:

http://www.euro.who.int/prevent-child-abuse